Treatment: Official procedure for the killing, inactivation or removal of pests, or for rendering pests infertile or for devitalization (ISPM5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)

Treatment schedule: The critical parameters of a treatment which need to be met to achieve the intended outcome (i.e. the killing, inactivation or removal of pests, or rendering pests infertile, or devitalization) at a stated efficacy (ISPM5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)

Fumigation: Treatment with a chemical agent that reaches the commodity wholly or primarily in a gaseous state (ISPM5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)

Heat treatment: The process in which a commodity is heated until it reaches a minimum temperature for a minimum period of time according to an official technical specification (ISPM5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)

Irradiation: Treatment with any type of ionizing radiation (ISPM5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)

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This web page was last updated on 2020-09-03. For further information please contact [email protected].


This reference standard is a listing of terms and definitions with specific meaning for phytosanitary systems worldwide. It has been developed to provide a harmonized internationally agreed vocabulary associated with the implementation of the IPPC and ISPMs.