Surveillance: An official process which collects and records data on pest presence or absence by survey, monitoring or other procedures [CEPM, 1996; revised CPM, 2015] (ISPM 5 Glossary of Phytosanitary terms)
Surveillance should be used to determine the distribution of a pest in an area as a basis for the further consideration of whether the pest is not widely distributed (Supplement 1 “Guidelines on the interpretation and application of the concepts of “official control” and “not widely distributed” to ISPM 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms).
delimiting survey: Survey conducted to establish the boundaries of an area considered to be infested by or free from a pest [FAO, 1990] (ISPM 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)
detection survey: Survey conducted in an area to determine if pests are present [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995] (ISPM 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)
monitoring survey: Ongoing survey to verify the characteristics of a pest population [ISPM 4, 1995] (ISPM 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)
survey (of pests): An official procedure conducted over a defined period to determine the presence or absence of pests, or the boundaries or characteristics of a pest population, in an area, place of production or production site [FAO, 1990; revised CEPM, 1996; CPM, 2015; CPM, 2019] (ISPM 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)
This reference standard is a listing of terms and definitions with specific meaning for phytosanitary systems worldwide. It has been developed to provide a harmonized internationally agreed vocabulary associated with the implementation of the IPPC and ISPMs.