In plant health, a Systems Approach plan (as detailed in ISPM 14 ) integrates different measures for pest risk management, at least two of which act independently, in order to meet a predetermined level of protection with its cumulative effect. A significant volume of trade already is taking place using this approach.
In the below you can find introductory videos explaining Systems Approach and why it’s key for the IPPC Community, in addition you can access international standards of particular relevance and other resources to help you implement Systems Approach.
Another link takes you to the Online Tools area. Two Excel-based tools have been developed by STDF-supported projects in order to support the design and evaluation of Systems Approaches. The aim of the tools is to build confidence and competence in this area by supporting critical thinking around issues such as why each measure is included, and if there is an opportunity for real time monitoring and adjustment of the system. You can freely download the tools to use, they are available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. Facilitators to support use of these tools are presented there as well.
NPPOs are discovering the advantages of Systems Approach for a more robust and responsive management system. For importing country NPPOs, this provides the opportunity to collect data in situations with high uncertainty and even eliminate requirements over time, if the system is disproportionate to the actual risk. For exporting countries, Systems Approach may be applied to achieve equivalence when what was originally proposed as requirements by the importing country are not amenable to the exporting country situation. There are an increasing number of drivers for using an alternative to single measures to meet the appropriate level of phytosanitary protection of an importing country for trade or to manage challenging pathways.
Systems Approaches can be developed for situations where no single measure is available for the specific host/pest situation, or the application of a single measure is not feasible for the country seeking to export plant products, for example if a treatment facility is not available.
A Systems Approach may include a pest free area or other official control of the target pest if additional measures are needed to ensure delivery of clean products. It also may include a commodity treatment post-harvest. The difference is that with the combination of measures, the pest risk is already being managed before reaching point of a treatment so that the treatment itself may be adjusted to reduce unwanted effects on the plant product.
The current impetus is to increase understanding of Systems Approach and encourage its proper use more widely within the IPPC Community, helping countries prevent the introduction of invasive species and protecting crops and biodiversity, therefore ensuring safe trade of plants and plant products.
Available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
Unofficial translations are also available: ISPM 14 in Portuguese, ISPM 24 in Portuguese and Vietnamese, ISPM 38 & 39 in Korean
This reference standard is a listing of terms and definitions with specific meaning for phytosanitary systems worldwide. It has been developed to provide a harmonized internationally agreed vocabulary associated with the implementation of the IPPC and ISPMs.
The country page shows the contact information of the IPPC Official Contact Points of the IPPC Contracting Parties and local contacts of non-Contracting parties and Territories. Under the contact information, it lists the public national reporting obligations which shall be reported by the contracting parties via this Country page. These obligations include reporting of (1)Designation of an Official IPPC Contact Point, (2)Description of the NPPO, (3)Phytosanitary requirements, restrictions & prohibitions, (4)List of entry points, (5)List of regulated pest, (6)Pest report and (7)Emergency action.