The preparation of a national phytosanitary capacity development strategy requires a very clear understanding of the term phytosanitary capacity. The definition takes into account the ability of individuals, organizations and systems of a country to perform effectively and sustainably in order to protect plant and plant products from pests and to facilitate trade.
The phytosanitary capacity evaluation (PCE) tool serves as a diagnostic tool for the NPPO to gauge the capacity gap between the current situation and what is needed to meet the requirements of the IPPC and its ISPMs. The modules of the PCE each target critical functional areas of the country and the NPPO. The users of the PCE are taken through a strategic planning process provided by the tool that involves (i) gap analysis, (ii) problem analysis to ensure that the root causes rather than symptoms are identified and addressed, (iii) analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), and (iv) identification of priorities for capacity development in a strategic plan.
Stakeholders are critically important in the work of the NPPO, and tools enabling stakeholder analyses tools are used to identify stakeholders and their possible roles in phytosanitary capacity development.
Articulating a clear vision and mission that are consistent with those of the IPPC – and are a good fit with national objectives, and identify core values of the NPPO – is a critical step in a strategic planning process for the NPPO. Strategic priorities and approaches are established using the results of a case study of a country.
The logical framework approach is used to organize and process information for project development, as well as to strengthen project design, implementation and evaluation. Relationships are established among the key elements of the log frame, namely activities, outputs, outcomes and impact on one axis; and results chain, indicators, means of verification and assumptions on the other.
A project work plan based on the information presented in the case study is introduced to schedule project activities, identify responsible units or persons and resources required.