The generous support of the European Commission (EC) has allowed the Implementation Review and Support System (IRSS) to function on a project basis from 2011.
The IRSS is an evaluation tool of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) that focuses on identifying contracting parties' challenges and opportunities for implementation of the Convention and International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs). Identifying challenging areas as well as best practices provides vital input in the strategic development of resources and tools to enhance implementation at the national, regional and global levels. Thus, the objective of the IRSS is facilitating and promoting the implementation of the IPPC and ISPMs, while contributing to the objectives of the IPPC Strategic Framework.
This objective is achieved through work under the two main components of the IRSS:
The outputs of the above activities are summarized in the triennial Implementation Review Response report. From this report, action plans are developed, for input into the proposed work programme for consideration by the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM). The recommended action plans are a key input into the strategic and technical assistance planning of the CPM.
The IRSS concept emanated from a CPM 2 (2007) proposal to the IPPC Subsidiary Body on Dispute Settlement (SBDS) for the establishment of a possible compliance mechanism. This concept was rejected because a compliance (enforcement) process was believed to be contrary to the general philosophy of the CPM and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and is not specified in the IPPC. The concept was therefore redefined and a modified project for the development of an implementation review and support system was adopted by CPM 3 (2008).
Advantages of the IRSS were expected to include:
The IRSS builds on existing, or planned processes already approved by the CPM, while being consistent with the project objective of facilitating and promoting the implementation of the IPPC and ISPMs, and contributing to the objectives of the IPPC Strategic Framework.
The IRSS is a mechanism to:
Surveys, workshops, detailed studies and other information-gathering efforts are critical to tracking progress towards strong implementation of ISPMs.