Limnocharis is a perennial, anchored, climp-forming aquatic herb that grows over a meter in height. The pale green leaves occur on triangular petioles which can be up to 85 cm in length. Fruit contain up to 1000 seeds. It can flower within 23 days. Mature fruit, follicle and seed are all buoyant to aid water dispersal. It can also spread vegetatively. It is spread by water, but also may spread in mud adhering to vehicles, machinery, footwear, waterbirds and animals.
Nearly half of the infestations have been eradicated, a third are in a monitoring phase and the remainder are in the control phase.