The IPPC partners to preserve biodiversity

Posted on 星期三, 20 十月 2010, 10:10

International Year of Biodiversity - logoIn 2002, the world's leaders agreed to achieve a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. The United Nations declared 2010 to be the International Year of Biodiversity, and this year has been marked by events to celebrate the value of biodiversity for our lives. Meanwhile, careful stock-taking has revealed a sobering picture: not only have the targets for 2010 not been achieved, in many cases the rate of biodiversity loss is accelerating. It will not be possible to curb biodiversity losses without first addressing its root causes. The Global Biodiversity Outlook 3 identifies invasive species to be one of the five principal drivers of biodiversity loss and declares that addressing pathways of invasive species transfers is a key element of an overall strategy to reduce biodiversity loss. The IPPC – the International Plant Protection Convention – and its 176 signatories help to protect biodiversity by preventing the introduction and spread of pests of plants. The mandate of the IPPC is to deal with pests of plants in international trade which are referred to in other fora as invasive species. The IPPC serves as a framework for the management of invasive species and has developed a publication outlining this framework. It is recognized by the WTO-SPS Agreement as being the appropriate world authority for the development of international standards for phytosanitary measures (i.e. any legislation, regulation or official procedure having the purpose to prevent the introduction and/or spread of quarantine pests). Standards have already been adopted to provide governments with guidance on how to carry out inspections of goods at borders, surveillance to detect pest incursions and eradication programmes to eliminate pests. Likewise, the IPPC is working to manage high risk pathways for the introduction of invasive alien species through the development of standards. Some standards have already been adopted, such as the international movement of wood packaging material and other standards are under development to address pathways such as soil and growing media, sea containers, air craft, waste and seeds. The International Phytosanitary Portal (IPP) (https://www.ippc.int) provides a means for countries to cooperate and to share information regarding potential threats. This enables agencies to undertake risk analyses and establish measures where necessary. Thus, the IPPC provides the tools and the know-how to combat one of prime drivers of biodiversity loss. 2010 activities include: The IPPC continues its joint work programme with the CBD Secretariat. The IPPC is participating in the Inter-agency Liaison Group on Invasive Alien Species. This group seeks to fill gaps and promote coherence in the regulatory framework for invasive alien species, reduce duplication at the international level, and promote other actions to address invasive alien species at the national level. A report will be made available on the following webpage: http://www.cbd.int/nagoya/documents.shtml. Specifications for ISPMs outline the content and scope of a future International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) and provide the expert drafting group with directions on what to consider while drafting the ISPM. Member countries were invited to comment on draft specification for future standards on "Minimizing Pest Movement by Air Containers and Aircraft" and "Safe Handling and Disposal of Waste with potential Pest Risk generated during International Voyages" A call for experts is underway for an expert working group on "Minimizing pest movement by sea containers and conveyances in international trade" Expert working groups met to draft standards on the “Importation of Plant Breeding Material” and on the “Movement of soil and growing media in association with plants in international trade” Members commented on draft standards on "Integrated measures approach for managing pest risks associated with international trade of plants for planting" and "Systems approaches for pest risk management of fruit flies" Technical Panels help to improve the quality and efficiency in the development of International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures. Two panels in particular, the Technical Panel on Fruit Flies and the Technical Panel on Forest Quarantine, help to reduce losses in biodiversity. Each year, the IPPC Secretariat meets with representatives of Regional Plant Protection Organizations to cooperate on key issues. This year’s meeting touched on internet sales as pathway for the introduction of invasive species and the problems faced by small islands with respect to invasive species. The IPPC is able to engage in these activities through the support of its members.

标签

订阅

RSS / Atom