As part of the FAO foresight initiative, the Implementation Review and Support System (IRSS) prepared the questionnaire - Emerging Issues in Plant Health (Annex 1) that was sent to all contracting parties participating in the 2016 IPPC Regional Workshops. The questionnaire asked participating contracting parties and RPPOs to list the five most important emerging issues related to plant health in the next two to five years and provide short explanations for each issue. The analysis of questionnaire responses was undertaken by the IPPC Secretariat to identify emerging issue trends within and between regions. The findings of this questionnaire are therefore presented globally and regionally. This information gained from the questionnaire responses will help the IPPC Secretariat, RPPOs and the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM) understand national and regional emerging issues and trends between geographic areas.