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Article IV of the IPPC describe the obligations of the Contracting Parties related to the establishment and responsibilities of a National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO).

The NPPO should be defined by national legislation as the official service established by the government to perform the functions specified by the IPPC. The national legislation (including law and regulations) should give the NPPO the legal authority and sole responsibility for its functions, as outlined by the IPPC. That legislation should be consistent with the national constitution and guided by regional and international treaties, in order to function properly in a global trading environment.

A fully functioning NPPO safeguards agriculture and the environment from the negative impact of pests. By working closely with other relevant stakeholders (including government and the private sector), it maintains an effective national system to prevent the introduction and spread of pests. Achieving these goals requires a strategic plan and the necessary technical, legal and managerial capacity, as well as the ability to mobilize resources.

IPPC Guides and training materials
  • Establishing a National Plant Protection Organization (Available in English, French and Russian)- The establishment or update of a National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) by each contracting party is a major step towards international cooperation to prevent the introduction and spread of plant pests. This IPPC guide aims to support the establishment of a functional NPPO as the competent and legally responsible body for regulatory plant protection functions, as outlined in the IPPC.

  • Operation of a National Plant Protection Organization (Available in English, French and Russian)- This IPPC guide presents guidelines to the operation of a National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) as a component of the IPPC National Phytosanitary Capacity Building Strategy, which was adopted by the fifth session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM) (2010) of the IPPC. This resource provides information on the operational procedures and actions required of a functional national plant protection organization (NPPO). It suggests an overall strategic framework and outlines the main areas to consider when operating and managing core programmes. In addition, the guide describes the supporting environment (including the stakeholders) needed by an NPPO to maintain the required level of efficiency, effectiveness and acceptability of phytosanitary activities.

  • Preparing a National Phytosanitary Capacity Development Strategy (Available in English, French and Spanish)- This manual articulate a clear vision and mission that are consistent with those of the IPPC and are a good fit with national objectives, and identify core values of the NPPO, is a critical step in a strategic planning process for the NPPO. Strategic priorities and approaches are established using the results of a case study of a country.

  • Guide to National Reporting Obligations (Available in Arabic, English, French, Russian and Spanish)- This National Reporting Obligations guide offer assistance on how to upload and update NRO reports on the IPP and includes CPM approved NRO procedures and nomination forms for the IPPC Official Contact Point and IPP editor.

  • Managing Relationships with Stakeholders (Available in English and French)- Guide is to provide general guidance about the importance of stakeholders for developing and sustaining effective and appropriate relationships. The stakeholders is a key part of the efficient operation of NPPOs. Stakeholder involvement in the work of NPPOs usually takes place at the policy or operational level. Involving stakeholders at the policy level (including the development of legislation and policy) can bring substantial benefits to an NPPO. The NPPO normally decides when and how to involve stakeholders, maintaining responsibility for all activities (unless otherwise regulated under operational legislation). Stakeholders can provide advice and support, but they do not make decisions at the policy or operational levels. NPPOs may therefore set out clearly the responsibilities of stakeholders when participating in NPPO activities.

Contributed resources
This web page was last updated on 2020-09-03. For further information please contact [email protected].


This reference standard is a listing of terms and definitions with specific meaning for phytosanitary systems worldwide. It has been developed to provide a harmonized internationally agreed vocabulary associated with the implementation of the IPPC and ISPMs.

Country information

The country page shows the contact information of the IPPC Official Contact Points of the IPPC Contracting Parties and local contacts of non-Contracting parties and Territories. Under the contact information, it lists the public national reporting obligations which shall be reported by the contracting parties via this Country page. These obligations include reporting of (1)Designation of an Official IPPC Contact Point, (2)Description of the NPPO, (3)Phytosanitary requirements, restrictions & prohibitions, (4)List of entry points, (5)List of regulated pest, (6)Pest report and (7)Emergency action.

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