Reducing the Spread of Invasive Pests by Sea Containers - The IPPC leaflet has been developed on the basis of the IPPC guidance entitled Sea containers supply chains and cleanliness. The publication showcases how keeping containers and cargos clean can reduce the spread of invasive plant pests and diseases by illustrating all the recommended actions to be taken at key interchange points to protect plant health.
Sea Container Supply Chains and Cleanliness - This IPPC Guidance identifies the key parties involved in the international container supply chains, and describes their roles and responsibilities for minimizing visible pest contamination of sea containers and their cargoes, and best practices they may follow to meet that objective.There are various points in the container supply chains where the custody of a container changes (these are called “interchange points”). The associated best industry practices that are based on the guidance from the IMO (International Maritime Organization)/ILO (International Labour Organization) /UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)’s Code of Practice for Packing of Cargo Transport Units (“CTU Code”), may be followed in order to minimise visible pest contamination and thereby reduce the risk of pest introduction by containers moving internationally.
The Sea Containers Task Force Generic Presentation - is available to and could be used by all interested stakeholders to raise awareness of the phytosanitary risks associated with the movement of sea containers and their cargoes.
The IPPC Guidelines on Sea Container Surveys for NPPOs - The IPPC Guidelines on Sea Container Surveys provide guidance to national plant protection organizations (NPPOs) on how to inspect and record contamination details in a consistent and harmonized manner when undertaking the sea container cleanliness surveys. The Guidelines have been developed by the Sea Container Task Force (SCTF) - a sub-group of the IPPC Implementation and Capacity Development Committee (IC). The Guidelines and accompanying excel sheets for recording and reporting information, as well as building a database useful for analysis are available in all FAO languages.
The IPPC factsheet on the Sea Containers Cleanliness -The factsheet has been prepared by the IPPC Secretariat in collaboration with the SCTF. The factsheet aims to raise awareness of risks that huge volumes of trade goods and produce moving internationally in Sea Containers pose as potential pathways for the spread of pests, which could result in huge costs to affected areas not only in monetary terms but also to food security, agriculture and the environment. The shipping industry and the IPPC have worked together to develop guidelines for the management of this risk, most importantly inspection and cleaning of containers. Anyone involved in moving containers is encouraged to ensure that they are free of plant pests as described in the factsheet.
The Sea Containers Task Force (SCTF), IC Sub-group, supervises the actions contained in the Sea Containers Complementary Action Plan for Assessing and Managing the Pest Threats Associated with Sea Containers, under the oversight of the IC. For more information on the IC Sub-group Sea Containers Task Force, please visit the IC Sub-group SCTF page.
The Implementation and Capacity Development Committee (IC) at their second meeting established the Sea Containers Task Force as an IC Sub-group and approved :
CPM12 April 2017 Decisions on Sea containers
CPM11 April 2016 Decisions and Activities on Sea Containers
A special topics session on the issue of sea containers was held during the CPM11 . Presentations were given by NPPOs, relevant international organizations and stakeholders involved in the movement of sea containers.
The presentations outlined the complex logistics of the movement of sea containers and the potential risk of the spread of pests. There was extensive discussion on possible options:
Most CPs were in favour of moving the standard to pending as they felt more time was required to assess and address the potential pest risk with the tools available (e.g. CTU code , CPM Recommendation on Sea Containers). Other CPs felt that the CTU code was a useful tool but an ISPM would be complementary in providing NPPOs with guidance on monitoring.
All presentations and discussion papers presented to the CPM11 are available through this link.
CPM Bureau June 2016 Meeting Decisions on Sea Containers
At its June 2016 meeting the CPM Bureau discussed development of a ‘set of complementary actions’ on sea containers based on the CPM11 decisions.
The Bureau proposed the following complimentary actions:
The Bureau recommended that resources are provided by CPs or industry to the IPPC to facilitate the work taking into account the future funding model of the ePhyto project.
CDC 9th Meeting, December 2016, Decisions on Sea Containers
At its December 2016 meeting the CDC performed exercises to:
The outcomes of discussions were transferred to the CPM Bureau to be presented to the CPM12.
IMO/ILO/UNECE Code of Practice for Packing of Cargo Transport Units (CTU Code)
Many incidents in transport are attributed to poor practices in the packing of cargo transport units, including inadequate securing of the cargo, overloading and incorrect declaration of contents. This is of major concern particularly because the victims may be the general public or transport and supply chain workers, who generally have no control over the packing of such units.
The CTU Code, a joint publication of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), addresses these concerns through a non-mandatory global code of practice for the handling and packing of shipping containers for transportation by sea and land.
The specific parts of interest for phytosanitary aspects are chapter 3, chapter 4, chapter 8 (sections 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11 and 18.104.22.168), Annex 6, Annex 7 and Annex 9.
For more information, see also Informative material related to the CTU Code.
Background information on the development of the draft ISPM on Minimizing pest movement by sea containers is available here.
Materials on Sea Containers from Different Meetings
|Complementary Action Plan for Assessing and Managing the Pest Threats Associated with Sea Containers||En||04 Jul 2017|
|Reducing the Spread of Invasive Pests by Sea Containers - IPPC Factsheet||Link||10 May 2020|
|Sea Containers task Force - Generic Presentation||En||04 Nov 2019|
|Sea Container Supply Chains and Cleanliness - IPPC Best Practice Guide||Link||10 May 2020|
|Findings from the 2019 Sea Container Questionnaire on Monitoring of Sea Container Cleanliness||Link||10 May 2020|
|IPPC Guidelines on Sea Container Surveys for NPPOs||Link||10 May 2020|
|2011-11 Container Owner's Presentation to SCSC||En||03 Dec 2012|
|2012-09 Cool Logistics Sea Container Presentation||En||03 Dec 2012|
|2012-06 EWG presentation to COA||En||05 Dec 2012|
|Code of Practice for Packing of Cargo Transport Units (CTU Code)- IMO/ILO/UNECE||Link||10 Feb 2014|
|2011-12 Background documents on sea containers provided by NPPOs||Link||31 Dec 2011|