The growth in e-Commerce has resulted in a tremendous increase in the volume of small parcels that are transported by postal and express courier services. This shift in trade patterns increases the risk of introduction and spread of pests into new territories.
The increasing popularity of e-Commerce is also impacting the traditional way of doing business. There is a shift from high-value, bulk consignments shipped business to business (B2B) towards more smaller business to consumer (B2C) and consumer to consumer (C2C) transactions. This represents a significant change in the role of consumers, since they are now also importers - importers that may be unaware of the phytosanitary requirements associated with the goods they are purchasing on-line.
World Customs Organization (WCO):
The World Customs Organization (WCO) is the international intergovernmental organization that deals with the customs procedures that govern trade between countries.
In March 2019, the Secretariats of the IPPC and the WCO signed a joint work plan. This joint work plan addresses several major areas for bilateral cooperation, including cross-border e-commerce.
The WCO e-commerce package provides guidance to national customs administrations on establishing or enhancing their legislative, policy and operational framework for managing cross-border e-commerce.
A number of ISPMs are relevant to all trade, including e-commerce trade, such as:
|IPPC Secretariat work plan for cross-border e-Commerce (2019-2022)||En||07 Jan 2020|
|CPM-12 (2017) Special Topics Session: e-Commerce, Presentations||Link||27 Apr 2017|
|CPM Recommendation on: Internet trade (e-Commerce) in plants and other regulated articles (R-05)||Link||24 Aug 2017|
|CPM-12 (2017) Special Topics Session: e-Commerce||Link||17 Feb 2017|