logo IPPC
      FAQ            Log in


Surveillance: An official process which collects and records data on pest presence or absence by survey, monitoring or other procedures [CEPM, 1996; revised CPM, 2015] (ISPM 5 Glossary of Phytosanitary terms)

Surveillance should be used to determine the distribution of a pest in an area as a basis for the further consideration of whether the pest is not widely distributed (Supplement 1 “Guidelines on the interpretation and application of the concepts of “official control” and “not widely distributed” to ISPM 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms).

Delimiting survey: Survey conducted to establish the boundaries of an area considered to be infested by or free from a pest [FAO, 1990] (ISPM 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)

Detection survey: Survey conducted in an area to determine if pests are present [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995] (ISPM 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)

Monitoring survey: Ongoing survey to verify the characteristics of a pest population [ISPM 4, 1995] (ISPM 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)

Survey (of pests): An official procedure conducted over a defined period to determine the presence or absence of pests, or the boundaries or characteristics of a pest population, in an area, place of production or production site [FAO, 1990; revised CEPM, 1996; CPM, 2015; CPM, 2019] (ISPM 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms)

Available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish

Unofficial translations are also available: ISPM 6 in Korean and Portuguese, ISPM 8 in Portuguese and Vietnamese

IPPC Guides and training materials
  • e-learning course on Surveillance and reporting obligations (Available in English)
    This e-learning course will introduce key concepts related to pest surveillance, pest status determination and pest reporting, particularly as it relates to new pest detections and emerging pests. It will provide practical guidance to assist NPPOs in strengthening their national surveillance systems and surveillance activities to support early pest detection, pest monitoring and pest status determination. It will also provide specific guidance to help NPPOs to develop a national reporting system for reporting the occurrence, outbreak and spread of pests. 
  • Surveillance Guide (2nd edition) (Available in English and Spanish)
    The International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) no. 6 (Surveillance) refers to the components of survey and monitoring systems for the purpose of pest detection and the supply of information for use in pest risk analyses, the establishment of pest free areas and, where appropriate, the preparation of pest lists”. A national plant pest surveillance programme should be conducted in line with this standard to ensure that its results are accurate, credible and contribute to national goals and priorities. This guide addresses aspects of policy and management, which together should outline the rationale for the establishment of a national plant pest surveillance programme.
  • Pest Status Guide (Available in Arabic, English and Spanish)
    This guide describes the steps that national plant protection organizations (NPPOs) should follow when determining the status of a pest in an area, starting with identifying the pest and the area under consideration.
Contributed resources
This web page was last updated on 2023-02-24. For further information please contact [email protected].


This reference standard is a listing of terms and definitions with specific meaning for phytosanitary systems worldwide. It has been developed to provide a harmonized internationally agreed vocabulary associated with the implementation of the IPPC and ISPMs.

Country information

The country page shows the contact information of the IPPC Official Contact Points of the IPPC Contracting Parties and local contacts of non-Contracting parties and Territories. Under the contact information, it lists the public national reporting obligations which shall be reported by the contracting parties via this Country page. These obligations include reporting of (1)Designation of an Official IPPC Contact Point, (2)Description of the NPPO, (3)Phytosanitary requirements, restrictions & prohibitions, (4)List of entry points, (5)List of regulated pest, (6)Pest report and (7)Emergency action.

Sub pages