Solenopsis mealybug was detected in cotton crops and ornamental plants in a number of locations in Queensland. Due to the widespread apparent distribution, eradication is not feasible. Symptoms on cotton include crinkled and twisted leaves, fewer flowers and bolls, smaller bolls and distorted/stunted plants. Although mealybugs are usually considered to be only a minor pest of cotton, occasional populations increase and hotspots of infestation occur. The industry and growers are exploring management options to limit the impact on cotton production.