These requirements are for arrangements approved under Australia’s emergency measures for Xylella fastidiosa and related Xylella species. Pierce’s disease of grapevines is caused by Xylella fastidiosa. The requirements apply to nursery stock and tissue cultures of plants exported from high risk countries as indicated in the BICON alert1. These requirements do not apply to imports of true botanical seeds. This document should be read in conjunction with the emergency measures indicated in the BICON alert1. The arrangements are intended to provide guidance to the National Plant Protection Organisation (NPPO) of the exporting country, which will ensure that the requirements in the approved arrangements are met. Several other parties, including the grower and testing laboratory will need to work with the NPPO to do this. The attached document describes the overarching systems and processes to ensure that nursery stock that is produced for export to Australia is grown, tested and confirmed free from infection by X. fastidiosa. The roles and responsibilities of the key parties involved in the arrangements are also described, as are the requirements for sampling and testing. The exporter and the testing laboratory should verify Australia’s requirements before testing is commenced. The department retains the right to monitor the arrangements by auditing and by sampling and testing consignments after they arrive in Australia.