The European Union (EU) is composed of the following 28 member states: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. All of these Member States are contracting members of the IPPC and each have their own NPPO. The overall aim of the Plant Health Regime in the EU is to prevent the introduction into the EU of organisms harmful to plants or plant products and/or their spread within the EU. Member States are required to regulate the movement of plants or plant products within their territory and to regulate the introduction of plants or plant products into the EU from third countries. Obligations are also placed upon third countries that want to export plants or plant products to the EU. The Plant Health Directive 2000/29/EC, supported by a number of Control Directives and Emergency Measures, provides the legislative basis of the Plant Health Regime of the European Union. EU legislation on plant health is implemented through national legislation in each of the Member States. The EU Plant Health Regime is administered by the Plant Health Unit of the Health and Consumers Directorate-General (DG SANCO) of the European Commission. They are responsible for developing, adapting and proposing new legislation and organising and chairing regular meetings of the Standing Committee of Plant Health with the Member States. The Food and Veterinary Office (FVO) of DG SANCO are responsible for ensuring that EU plant health standards are complied with by member states and by third countries who export to the EU. They do this through the collation of survey data and carrying out inspections in member states and third countries. The FVO also manage Europhyt - a notification and rapid alert system for plant health interceptions made on consignments of plants and plant products imported into the EU or traded within the EU.