Outbreak and Control of Papaya Mealy Bug (Paracoccus marginatus)

Publication Date
Fri, 15 Jul 2011, 00:00
Last Updated
July 14, 2011, 9:01 a.m.
Report Number
IND-01/2
Country
India
Pest Id
Paracoccus marginatus - (PACOMA)
Report Status
Final
Hosts
Papaya (Carica papaya L; Caricaceae), Mulberry (Morurs alba L; Moraceae), Jatropha (Jatropha curcus L; Euphorbiaceae), Tapioca (Manihot esculenta Crantz; Euphorbiaceae), Shoes flower (Hibiscus-rosa-sinensis L; Malvaceae), and Guava (Psidum guajava L; Myrtaceae). Other annual crops such as Cotton (ssypium hirsutum; Malvaceae), Brinjal (Solanum melongena L; Solanaceae), Red gram (Cajanus cajan; Leguminaceae) and Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L ; Solanaceae)
Pest Status (old values from ISPM 8 -1998 )
  • Present: only in some areas
Pest Status (ISPM 8 - 2021)
  • Present: not widely distributed and under official
Geographical Distribution
Tamil Nadu followed by its spread to the adjoining States of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and subsequently reported in Tripura and Odisha.
Summary

Papaya mealy bug Paracoccus marginatus is an invasive pest. The pest was first observed in Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu during 2008 on Papaya crop. Rapid spread of P. marginatus among agricultural and horticultural crops of economic importance was noticed. The pest assumed serious status across many economically important and horticultural crops of Tamil Nadu followed by its spread to the adjoining States of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and subsequently in Tripura and Odisha. A strategy for promoting bio-control along with survey and surveillance programme has been adopted for the suppression of this potential pest. At present there is no report of serious pestilence due to this pest and the pest is below economic threshold level in all the areas where pest is reported in India.

Danger
In view of the effective biological control, at present there is no report of serious pestilence due to this pest and the pest is below economic threshold level in all the areas where the pest is reported in India. It took five months to suppress this pest effectively through classical biological control.
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