Detection of coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB)

Publication Date
Thu, 10 Oct 2019, 01:40
Last Updated
Dec. 11, 2019, 4:09 a.m.
Report Number
NCL-03/4
Country
New Caledonia
Pest Id
Oryctes rhinoceros - (ORYCRH)
Report Status
Preliminary
Hosts
Cocos nucifer, Elaeis spp, Acanthophoenix rubra, Agave spp, Aiphanes horrida, Ananas spp, Areca spp, Arecastrum plumosa, Arenga spp, Borassus spp, Caryota urens, Casuarina equisetifolia, Clinostigma samoense, Colocasia spp, Corypha spp, Cyathea spp, Dictyosperma album, Dypsis pinnatifrons, Heterospathe elata, Hydriastele palauensis, Hyophorbe lagenicaulis, Latania spp, Livistona spp, Livistona chinensis, Metroxylon spp, Metroxylon amicarum, Metroxylon sagu, Normanbya spp, Nypa spp, , Oncosperma spp, Pandanus spp, Phoenix spp, Pinanga spp, Pritchardia pacifica, Raphia farinifera, Roystonea regia , Saccharum spp , Stevensonia spp, Thrinax spp, Verschaffeltia splendida, Wodyetia bifurcate, carica papaya,Aloe spp, Theobroma cacao …
Pest Status
  • Present: only in some areas
  • Present: under eradication
Geographical Distribution
Specific area of Tontouta International airport
Summary

From the 7th of September to the 6th of December 2019, 50 specimens of Oryctes rhinoceros have been trapped in the area of Tontouta international Airport. This pest is widespread in the Pacific and Asia and initial introduction is thought to have happened through airplane, probably a gravid female attracted by lights during a night loading from a contaminated country. DNA analyses confirmed the presence of CRB-G. Since initial interception, an emergency response has been set in place (communication, delimiting survey, intensification of trapping site, green waste collecting and grounding…) in order to contain and eradicate the pest. This response has been officalized by an eradication order which has been published on the 31th of October in the official gazette of New Caledonia.

Danger
CRB is considered as an exotic pest to New Caledonia. Introduction of CRB in New Caledonia could have economic impacts on the coconut industry, and also have important social and cultural impacts. Given the wide range of hosts of CRB, endemic palm species could also be affected.
Contact for info
Aurélie CHAN Direction des Affaires vétérinaires, Alimentaires et Rurales (DAVAR) Service d’Inspection Vétérinaire, Alimentaire et Phytosanitaire (SIVAP) BP M2 - 98849 Nouméa cedex New Caledonia [email protected] / [email protected]
Report files
arrêté relatif aux mesures obligatoires de surveillance, de lutte et de prévention mises en oeuvre pour éradiquer le scarabée Oryctès rhinoceros
mapping of the infested area and the buffer zone
Website
https://davar.gouv.nc/actualites/19-09-2019/interception-oryctes-rhinoceros
Issue keywords
Detection Pest reporting
Commodity keywords
Fresh coconuts, whether or not shelled or peeled

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