Pest Free Status of Meloidogyne enterobolii in Singapore

Publication Date
Thu, 02 Jan 2014, 00:00
Last Updated
Nov. 18, 2014, 9:01 a.m.
Report Number
SGP-08/1
Country
Singapore
Pest Id
Meloidogyne enterolobii - (MELGMY)
Report Status
Final
Hosts
Ornamental plants
Pest Status
  • Absent: no pest records
Geographical Distribution
Source: EPPO 2014 Asia - limited only to certain parts in China and Vietnam. America - Present in some countries Africa - Present in some countries Europe - few occurence in Switzerland
Summary

Meloidogyne enterolobii is considered as the most aggressive root-knot nematodes due mainly for its high reproductive rate, induction of large galls and wide host range. The root knot nematode is not a quarantine pest in Singapore. In 2004, Meloidogyne enterolobii was detected in a cactus sample submitted to the national plant health diagnostic laboratory. The identity of the specimen was verified by overseas expert. Further investigation did not reveal the presence of this nematode on site and the affected plant had been destroyed. in 2010, a survey was initiated to determine the prevalence of this root knot nematode in ornamentals in Singapore. A total of 552 ornamental plants had been collected and checked. Meloidogyne from Ficus sp., Plumeria sp. and Ophiopogon sp. samples were detected but further molecular diagnosis using specific primers revealed that the detected species had DNA base pair of less than 720 indicative of a tropical Meloidogyne species. While there was a range of other plant parasitic nematodes detected in this survey, no Meloidogyne enterolobii was detected at the conclusion of this survey. The detection in 2004 was deemed as an once off incidence. The status of Meloidogyne enterolobii in Singapore is : Absent: No pest records (confirmed by survey).

Danger
Ornamental plants
Contact for info
Ms. Mei Lai Yap Contact Point for Singapore [email protected]
Report files
Website

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