ES1. The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is a multilateral treaty that aims at securing coordinated, effective action to prevent the spread and introduction and spread of pests of plants and plant products and to promote appropriate measures for their control. The Convention was adopted by FAO Conference in 1951 and deposited with the Director-General of the Organization under Article XIV of FAO Constitution. Since 1992, FAO hosts and supports the IPPC Secretariat, which is responsible for the coordination of core activities within the Programme of Work endorsed by the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM), the highest Governing Body of the Convention.
ES2. The IPPC plays a key function in protecting plant health, by developing and harmonizing phyto-sanitary measures and thus facilitating international trade. In doing so, the support provided to expanding, strengthening and implementing the Convention represents a direct contribution to sustainable agriculture, maintaining biodiversity, food security and poverty alleviation.
ES3. At its 9th session in April 2014, IPPC Contracting Parties (CPs), agreed to launch an evaluation of the IPPC Secretariat, aimed at identifying how to strengthen its performance in view of the emerging challenges, including the enhanced focus on the implementation of the Convention itself. The CPM asked the support of FAO Office of Evaluation (OED) for carrying out the exercise. Accordingly, with OED’s management and support, the Evaluation was carried out in the period September-December 2014, with the final report due for presentation at the CPM-10 in March 2015.