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Pest diagnosis: The process of detection and identification of a pest [ISPM 27, 2006]

Quarantine pest: A pest of potential economic importance to the area endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being officially controlled [FAO, 1990; revised FAO, 1995; IPPC 1997]

Reference specimen: Specimen, from a population of a specific organism, conserved and accessible for the purpose of identification, verification or comparison. [ISPM 3, 2005; revised CPM, 2009]

Regulated pest: A quarantine pest or a regulated non-quarantine pest [IPPC, 1997]

Test: Official examination of plants, plant products or other regulated articles, other than visual, to determine if pests are present, identify pests or determine compliance with specific phytosanitary requirements [FAO, 1990; revised CPM, 2018]

Visual examination: Examination using the unaided eye, lens, stereoscope or other optical microscope [ISPM 23, 2005; revised CPM, 2018]

ISPM 5 Glossary of phytosanitary terms

ISPM27 and DP1 to DP16 are available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. DP17 to DP29 are available in English. Unofficial translations are also available: ISPM27 in Portuguese and Vietnamese.

NOTE: The Technical Panel on Diagnostic Protocols (TPDP) is responsible for drafting the Diagnostic protocols for regulated pests, annexes to ISPM 27.

This web page was last updated on 2023-02-24. For further information please contact [email protected].


This reference standard is a listing of terms and definitions with specific meaning for phytosanitary systems worldwide. It has been developed to provide a harmonized internationally agreed vocabulary associated with the implementation of the IPPC and ISPMs.

Country information

The country page shows the contact information of the IPPC Official Contact Points of the IPPC Contracting Parties and local contacts of non-Contracting parties and Territories. Under the contact information, it lists the public national reporting obligations which shall be reported by the contracting parties via this Country page. These obligations include reporting of (1)Designation of an Official IPPC Contact Point, (2)Description of the NPPO, (3)Phytosanitary requirements, restrictions & prohibitions, (4)List of entry points, (5)List of regulated pest, (6)Pest report and (7)Emergency action.

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